RICHTERSVELD NATIONAL PARK - WILDLIFE: HARTMANN'S MOUNTAIN ZEBRA  
     
  Hartmann's mountain zebras prefer to live in small groups of 7-12 individuals. They are agile climbers and are able to live in arid conditions and steep mountainous country.  
 


Physical Description-Adults
Hartmann's zebras have broad black stripes with an off-white, creamy color between them. The black stripes on the animals' sides do not meet on the belly. The leg stripes extend horizontally, all the way down to the top of the hooves. These leg stripes can be thin and wrap around the entire leg. The stripe that covers the spine and top portion of the tail is said to be "zipper-like" in appearance. The most characteristic and interesting feature of both mountain zebra subspecies is a square flap of skin on the throat just below the head. This flap of skin, or dewlap, is larger on the males.

The average adult height at the shoulder is 120 - 130 cm or 4 - 4.3 ft. and the tail length is 50 cm or 20 in. The body length is 220 cm or 7.3 ft. The weight is 260 - 370 kg or 572 - 814 lb. There is no significant size difference between the sexes except the stallions are usually heavier.

Physical Description-Foals
Foals weigh about 25 kg or 55 pounds at birth. The foals' white stripes are more brown in color than white. As a foal matures the stripes become white. Foals nurse for as long as 7 months. They are capable of grazing when they are 2 weeks old. Like many zebras the foal can stand on its feet within an hour after its birth and can run with the herd after a few hours. This adaptation gives zebra foals a much better chance of escaping from predators. Both male and female Hartmann's mountain zebras sexually mature after two years.

 
  Life Cycle
The longevity of Hartmann's mountain zebras is between 25 to 30 years. They are not considered seasonal breeders since mares can foal any time of the year, but most foal sometime during the rainy season when the grass is at its best. Gestation, is 300 to 365 days.
 
     
  DID YOU KNOW? INTERESTING FACTS  
 
1. Within an hour after it is born, a foal can run with the rest of the herd and can recognize its mother with smell and sight.
2. Stripes may cause confusion by making it hard for a predator to single out an individual.
3. Each zebra has a unique stripe pattern, like a person's fingerprint.
4. Hartman's have broad rump stripes, making them easy to identify from other zebra species.
5. When food and water run low, zebras will migrate to areas such as the foothills of Mt. Kenya where the average rainfall is higher. While in search of water, it may dig holes in streambeds with its front hooves until it reaches water! During migration, it is common to see 100-200 zebras congregated around a single water hole. However, during the dry season, it is typical to see herds of only two to six zebras in one area.
6. Most zebras will travel 6-8 km (3.5-5 miles) daily for more water and greener pastures while passing through several territories.
7. Hartman's are the only equid species with a dewlap. Both males and females have the pouch beneath their chin.
 
     
 
 
 
Hartmann's Mountain Zebra